Telehealth Billing Codes

Speech Therapy ICD Codes Guide for Effective Billing

In the realm of speech therapy, accurate documentation and coding serve as pillars for proper reimbursement, financial stability, and maintaining a high standard of patient care. For this reason, Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and in-person or virtual billers must be well-versed in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes for reporting speech therapy services.

ICD-10-CM codes are utilized to report diagnoses to insurance companies and healthcare payers. By using the correct codes, SLPs and billers can ensure that patients receive the necessary coverage for their needs.

What ICD-10-CM Codes Are

ICD-10-CM codes are a system of medical classification codes that are used to report diseases and other health conditions to insurance companies and other healthcare payers. ICD-10-CM codes are developed and maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The Importance of ICD-10-CM Codes

ICD-10-CM codes are important for speech therapy because they allow insurance companies and other healthcare payers to determine whether a patient’s condition is covered by their health insurance plan. Moreover, ICD-10-CM codes are used to track the prevalence of diseases and other health conditions and to develop research studies.

Common Speech Therapy ICD-10-CM Codes

F80: Specific Speech Disorder


F80.0 Phonological disorder
F80.1 Stuttering
F80.2 Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder
F80.3 Developmental language disorder
F80.4 Acquired aphasia
F80.5 Other acquired language disorders
F80.6 Disarticulation disorder
F80.8 Other speech disorders
F81: Developmental Disorders of Speech & Language


F81.0 Specific language impairment with reading and writing difficulties
F81.1 Specific language impairment with onset in childhood
F81.2 Specific language impairment with onset in adulthood, following acquired brain lesion
F81.3 Other specific developmental disorders of speech and language
F82: Acquired Aphasia & Other Acquired Speech & Language Disorders


F82.0 Broca’s aphasia
F82.1 Wernicke’s aphasia
F82.2 Anomic aphasia
F82.3 Amnestic aphasia
F82.4 Conduction aphasia
F82.5 Global aphasia
F82.6 Other aphasia
F82.7 Other acquired disorders of speech
F82.8 Other acquired disorders of language
F83: Dysphonia


F83.0 Spasmodic dysphonia
F83.1 Paralysis of vocal cords
F83.2 Other organic dysphonia
F83.3 Dysphonia due to vocal strain
F83.8 Other dysphonia
F84: Other Speech and Language Disorders


F84.0 Other speech disorders
F84.1 Other language disorders
R13: Feeding & Swallowing Disorders


R13.1 Dysphagia
R13.2 Oropharyngeal dysphagia
R13.3 Esophageal dysphagia
R13.4 Other feeding and swallowing disorders
R47: Other Speech, Language, and Swallowing Disorders


R47.0 Articulation disorder
R47.1 Expressive language disorder
R47.2 Receptive language disorder
R47.3 Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder
R47.4 Childhood apraxia of speech
R47.5 Stuttering
R47.6 Voice disorder
R47.7 Dysphagia
R47.8 Other speech disorders
R47.9 Unspecified speech disorder

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Challenges in Speech Therapy Billing

Although accurate coding is crucial, efficient speech therapy billing often presents complex challenges that require proactive solutions. For this reason, practitioners and billing staff must be aware of these challenges and implement robust solutions. These may include;

1. Incomplete Documentation

  • Challenge: Incomplete or insufficient documentation can lead to claim denials.
  • Solution: Prioritize thorough documentation through staff training and implement regular audits to identify and rectify any gaps.

2. Coding Errors

  • Challenge: Human errors in coding may result in claim rejections or delays.
  • Solution: Provide ongoing training, leverage coding software with built-in error checks, and conduct regular audits to identify and rectify coding errors.

3. Insurance Verification Issues

  • Challenge: Inaccurate or incomplete insurance verification can lead to claim denials.
  • Solution: Establish a robust insurance verification process, regularly update patient information, and communicate effectively with patients regarding insurance coverage.

4. Timely Submission of Claims

  • Challenge: Delays in claim submission can impact cash flow and reimbursement.
  • Solution: Implement efficient billing systems, set clear timelines for claim submission, and closely monitor the process for timely processing.

Given how dynamic and nuanced the healthcare industry is, the sustainability of speech therapy practices hinges on effective billing. By gaining a better understanding of ICD codes and proactively addressing common billing challenges, SLPs and practice staff can forge a path toward financial stability while prioritizing the well-being of their patients.

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Remember that CPT coding is a complex and specialized field, and it’s essential to ensure accurate coding for billing and reimbursement purposes. Using the most up-to-date resources and consulting with experts in medical coding, such as My Mountain Mover’s remote medical coders, is crucial to avoid coding errors and compliance issues. Stay informed and maintain a commitment to accuracy in the ever-evolving landscape of healthcare coding.

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To obtain a comprehensive and up-to-date list of CPT codes, we recommend the following steps:

  1. Consult the American Medical Association (AMA) CPT Code Manual: The AMA publishes an annual CPT Code Manual that includes a complete and current list of CPT codes. This manual is widely used in the healthcare industry and is considered the authoritative source for medical coding. You can purchase a copy of the manual or access it through an online subscription.